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After a five week recess, members of Congress returned to their Capitol Hill offices on Tuesday night.

September 10, 2014 by Jenny Howell

Congress is back from Congress. Photo: Name
With only a few weeks left in session, lawmakers must decide what to prioritize and what to push off. Photo: Photo Phiend

After a five week recess, members of Congress returned to their Capitol Hill offices on Tuesday night. Staffers who had enjoyed the brief freedom of wearing jeans to work returned to their suits, and lobbyists and constituents alike returned to waiting in long security lines to enter Congressional offices. With only a few weeks left in session before they hit the campaign trail, lawmakers must decide what to prioritize and what to push off.

Here is what we expect Congress may address before session end.

Keeping the government open

Passing legislation to keep the government funded past September 30th is a top priority for Congress. Given the wrath lawmakers faced following last year’s government shutdown and the looming mid-term elections, it seems almost certain that policy makers will come to a short-term solution to keep the government open. Earlier this week, Chairman Hal Rogers of the House Appropriations Committee offered a stop-gap spending bill that would fund the government through December 11th.

Finding funds to fight Ebola

Lawmakers appear to be coming together to support additional funding to meet the needs of the Ebola crisis. Last month, the President requested an additional $88 million to bring much needed drugs and supplies to the West African countries ravaged by this deadly disease, and Chairman Rodgers has indicated that the full $88 million will be included in the House version of the continuing resolution (CR). A summary of this CR put out by the House Appropriations Committee notes that this funding will be used to “accelerate [Department of Health and Human Services’] research on Ebola therapies, and additional funding for the [Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC)] response to the growing outbreak in Africa.” Chairman Rodger’s budget is in line with the current budget cap of $1.012 trillion and would maintain current spending levels.

Also included in the GOP-backed bill is $85.1 billion for overseas contingency funding, an extension of the Export-Import Bank through June 2015, and an extension of the Internet Tax Freedom Act through the CR.

Caption Photo: PATH/Gabe Bienczycki
Strong language supporting global health R&D was included in many of this year's appropriations report, but will it make it into a more long-term budget deal? Caption Photo: PATH/Gabe Bienczycki

Dealing with uncertainty

GHTC is hopeful that we will not face another government shutdown—we know that funding for research and development (R&D) is best leveraged when there is consistent and certain financial support. Another short-term CR will continue to undermine potential game-changing discoveries and, as detailed in GHTC’s 2014 Policy Report, make planning for the future nearly impossible.

Congress bucking at the traditional appropriations process also means uncertainty around what, if any, committee report language will be included in a more long-term budget deal. In previous blogs, GHTC reported on the strong language in support of global health R&D that was included in many of this year’s appropriations bills, including those put out by the subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, Department of Defense, and State and Foreign Operations. We hope this language will be included in whatever final agreement takes place. While House and Senate fiscal year (FY) 2015 appropriators showed only lukewarm support in their funding for global health R&D, some accounts—like those for the National Institutes of Health and CDC’s Center for Global Health—saw funding requests from the Senate that were above both FY 2014 funding and White House requests. A CR means these recommendations for funding increases will continue to be put off.

Preventing “the lamest lame-duck”

With pending mid-term elections, it’s difficult to predict what this lame-duck session will bring. While Politico is already predicting that this will be the “lamest lame-duck session,” there are a number of common-sense, no-cost bills that Congress could and should pass before the end of the 113th session. The 21st Century Global Health Technology Act, a bill which establishes the US Agency for International Development’s mandate for global health R&D, as well as improves agency coordination, transparency, and reporting would be an easy way for Congress to leverage existing funds and programs without creating any additional spending. Additionally, the Patents for Humanity Program Improvement Act of 2013 would make it easier for American researchers to develop solutions to the world’s most pressing health issues and incentivize first-time researchers to apply their work towards addressing humanitarian needs.

While preventing another government shutdown is a step in the right direction, we hope lawmakers will take seriously the need for longer-term solutions. With three months left in the 113th Congress, it’s time to get down to business.

Categories: US budget

About the author

Jenny HowellGHTC

Jenny Howell is a senior policy and advocacy associate at GHTC, leading the coalition's US Congressional advocacy.