Global health R&D in the US: Smart for California, right for the world
Research!America, a member of the GHTC, recently conducted analyses across a select group of target states to measure the health and economic impact of global health research and development (R&D), highlighting its benefits for states across the nation and strengthening the evidence base for Congress' support of federal investments in global health R&D. Danielle Doughman, Program Manager, Global Health R&D Advocacy, wrote this blog post to share the organization’s findings in the state of California. This post is the first of a series in which Research!America will continue to profile various states from around the country.
Global health research not only has the potential to save lives and prevent disabilities, it is good business. And Californians agree. A clear majority—58%—agree that global health research is important to the state’s economy, and 70% agree that Americans would be better off if the United States invests in global health research.
The need for better drugs, vaccines, and diagnostics for diseases that disproportionately affect the poorest and most vulnerable—about one in six people around the world—has been well-documented on this blog. The diseases include ones we’ve all heard of, like HIV and AIDS, but also killers that receive less attention, such as pneumonia and diarrhea.
As part of our examination into what the United States is doing to advance global health R&D and why our continued support of such work is crucial for the health and prosperity of our future, we will examine six US state case studies, starting with California. California’s world class universities, businesses, and nonprofits create a robust global health sector with significant impacts on job creation, tax revenue and health.
- 70% of Californians agree that Americans would be better off if the United States invests in global health research. Photo: Evelyn Hockstein/PATH
In 2010, the state received $3.3 billion from the National Institutes of Health, the world’s largest funder of global health research, supporting more than 62,000 high-quality jobs in the state. Overall, the global health sector supported 350,000 jobs in California with $19.7 billion in wages in 2007, the most recent year for which data are available.
There are many, many public, private, academic, and philanthropic partners doing notable work in California and fostering productive collaborations across the United States and around the world. Here are just two examples:
- The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative’s Neutralizing Antibodies Center in La Jolla experienced recent breakthroughs that could play a major role in ending the HIV pandemic. The discovery of powerful, broadly-neutralizing antibodies have significant implications for AIDS vaccine design.
What’s more, the same strategies may be applied to the development of a universal flu vaccine, potentially eliminating the need for annual flu vaccinations. Between 1976 and 2006, estimates of flu-associated deaths in the United States range from a low of about 3,000 to a high of about 49,000 people, so a universal flu vaccine would help save lives here in the United States and around the world.
- Malaria kills 650,000 people each year and results in $12 billion in endemic countries' lost gross domestic product annually. An affordable treatment means more children live, attend school, and can contribute to society. South San Francisco’s OneWorld Health, the first non-profit pharmaceutical company in the United States, works on drug development for malaria and other diseases of the developing world. Just last year, Sanofi, in partnership with OneWorld, began production of semisynthetic artemisinin, a breakthrough compound that makes effective malaria treatment much more affordable for the 200 million people—mostly kids—who contract it each year. The drug was developed at OneWorld with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.